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Elective and nonelective cesarean section and obesity among young adult male offspring: A Swedish population–based cohort study

Previous studies have suggested that cesarean section (CS) is associated with offspring overweight and obesity. However, few studies have been able to differentiate between elective and nonelective CS, which may differ in their maternal risk profile and biological pathway. Therefore, we aimed ...

Do “Instagram vs. Reality” Posts Make a Difference?

Interest in the psychological impact of Instagram has grown as the photo-based social media platform continues to increase in popularity.  Over 37 percent of U.S. adults are Instagram users, and teens use Instagram more than any other social media platform. The average user spends nearly a hal...

Animated videos advance adoption of agriculture techniques

The study, published in the journal Information Technology for Development, demonstrated that two years after being shown an educational animated video on a postharvest bean storage method, farmers in Mozambique had a 97% retention rate and 89% adoption of the storage solution.

"Thes...

Dogs hear words the same way we do

Say “sit!” to your dog, and—if he’s a good boy—he’ll likely plant his rump on the floor. But would he respond correctly if the word were spoken by a stranger, or someone with a thick accent? A new study shows he will, suggesting dogs perceive spoken words in a sophisticated way long thought un...

E. coli bacteria engineered to eat carbon dioxide

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Understanding nonbelievers’ prejudice toward ideological opponents: The role of self-expression values and other-oriented dispositions | DIAL.pr - BOREAL

Research adopting the ideological-conflict hypothesis indicates that low religiosity, nonbelief, and antireligious sentiments predict prejudice toward ideological opponents. How to understand this, from an individual differences perspective, given that nonbelievers are typically open-m...

Mosquitoes armed with bacteria beat back dengue virus

NATIONAL HARBOR, MARYLAND—In a handful of cities around the world, mosquitoes have been armed with a microscopic weapon against disease. The bacterium Wolbachia pipientis blocks the insects’ ability to spread fearsome viruses such as dengue, Zika, and chikungunya. Since 2011, researchers have ...

Human disturbance is drying out forests

Researchers studied two areas of the forest at the University of Michigan's Biological Station. One area had been intentionally disturbed a decade ago by killing certain species of trees to thin out the canopy. One area was an undisturbed control area. Researchers found daily and seasonal diff...

Are You a Moral Grandstander?

If so, then you may be a card-carrying moral grandstander. Of course it's wonderful to have a social cause that you believe in genuinely, and which you want to share with the world to make it a better place. But moral grandstanding comes from a different place.

First defined and deline...